Gum disease treatment

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is the infection or inflammation of the gums that damages the soft tissue and bone supporting the tooth. Gum disease usually starts with gingivitis- a mild form of the disease. Gingivitis causes the gums to become swollen, red, and bleed easily. At this stage, there is generally little discomfort or pain. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis- a more serious form of gum disease. During periodontitis, gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets that become infected. As periodontitis progresses, the pockets deepen, and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed.

At Ashmed Dental, we have vast experience in the prevention and treatment of gum disease. Prompt treatment is the best way to get gum disease under control.

What causes gum disease?

Our mouths are full of bacteria. This bacteria, along with other particles, constantly form a sticky, colourless “plaque” on teeth. Regular brushing and flossing help remove plaque. Plaque that remains on teeth can harden and form tartar that cannot be removed by brushing alone. Only a professional dental cleaning by a dentist can remove this tartar. If the tartar is not removed, the bacteria can cause inflammation that will affect the gums and lead to gum disease.

Symptoms of gum disease

  • Bad breath that does not go away
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose teeth
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth

Risk factors

  • Neglect of oral health
  • Smoking
  • Hormonal changes
  • Diabetes
  • Other illnesses and their treatments, for instance, Aids
  • Medication that reduces saliva flow
  • Genetic susceptibility

Treatment for Gum Disease

The treatment goals for mild gum disease such as Gingivitis are to identify and eliminate the factors that make the patient more prone to gum disease. Often, gum disease can be managed with more thorough and consistent oral hygiene habits and professional dental cleanings. After a thorough dental cleaning, we may prescribe a medicated mouth wash that specifically targets oral bacteria that cause gingivitis.

In individuals with periodontitis, we may need to do deep scaling and root planing to clean teeth that are surrounded by deep pockets.


21 Church street, Athlone, Cape Town, 7780

Victoria Medi Place, Woodstock, Cape Town, 7925

021 696 0817

021 448 0334

[email protected]